By Arnold Hughes
A Political background of the Gambia: 1816-1994 is the 1st entire account of the political heritage of the previous British West African dependency to be written. It uses a lot hitherto unconsulted or unavailable British and Gambian respectable and personal documentary assets, in addition to interviews with many Gambian politicians and previous British colonial officers. the 1st a part of the booklet charts the origins and features of recent politics in colonial Bathurst (Banjul) and its growth into the Gambian inside (Protectorate) within the 20 years after international battle II. by means of independence in 1965, older urban-based events within the capital have been defeated through a brand new, rural-based political supplier, the People's revolutionary celebration (PPP). the second one a part of the ebook analyzes the skill in which the PPP, lower than President Sir Dawda Jawara, succeeded in defeating either present and new rival political events and an tried coup in 1981. The booklet closes with an evidence of the dying of the PPP by the hands of a military coup in 1994. The e-book not just establishes these designated facets of Gambian political historical past, but in addition relates those to the broader local and African context, through the colonial and independence classes.
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Extra info for A Political History of the Gambia, 1816-1994 (Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora)
22 others, Jawara (Kombo) and Sheriff M. Dibba (Baddibu), were trendy within the PPP in 1959–60. Dibba, who was once the twenty-three-year-old son of a Mandinka farmer from Salikene in principal Baddibu, used to be informed at Armitage college and the MBHS. previously a clerk for the UAC, he had served as a PPP assistant secretary because 1959. 23 numerous PPP applicants within the Protectorate have been both civil servants or university academics. the previous have been required to renounce to face for election, yet may possibly follow to be reappointed in the event that they have been defeated on the polls (and may anticipate to regain their jobs). This crew incorporated Jawara, who used to be the main senior Protectorate-born civil servant; Sisay; and Jerreh L. B. Daffeh (Kiang), who used to be a junior worker within the Veterinary division. The latter staff incorporated Michael Baldeh (Basse) and Musa S. Dabo (Wuli-Sandu). 24 In Michael Baldeh’s case, a extra very important attention than his occupational prestige (or, certainly, his restricted involvement in Bathurst politics within the 1950s), was once that the Baldehs of Mansajang Kunda have been one of many households who contested the chieftaincy of higher Fulladu East. Baldeh’s endorsement through the PPP, which was once enforced via Sanjally Bojang and different PPP militants, intended that their sour competitors, the Kruballys of Koba Kunda, rapidly grew to become opposed to the get together and, as famous less than, 3 of the sons of Seyfu Jewru Krubally have been to face opposed to the The “Green rebellion” 139 PPP as autonomous applicants. however the collection of Baldeh backfired, for even if the PPP paid his election deposit, he looks to have secretly defected to the UP even ahead of the election. 25 a number of different PPP applicants have been on the topic of, or counseled by means of, incumbent chiefs. Daffeh, for instance, was once it sounds as if the nephew of Seyfu Karamo ok. Sanneh of Kiang West, and Omar Jame Sise (NianiSaloum) used to be the son of the Seyfu of higher Saloum, Matar Sise. additionally, Kalilu S. Dabo, the son of Seyfu Soro Dabo of Jarra East, used to be at first selected because the PPP’s candidate in Jarra, yet used to be later dropped for helping the belief of an alliance with the DCA and changed via a tender policeman from Sankwia, Yaya Ceesay. 26 The PPP’s rudimentary association intended that it contested purely out of 7 seats within the Colony. Alphonso M. (Fansu) Demba, one other civil servant, was once chosen to struggle Kombo East, and Augusta Jawara, the spouse of the celebration chief, turned the 1st Gambian lady to contest a Legislative Council/Parliamentary election. She stood in Soldier city, Bathurst, a constituency within which her fellow Aku made up one-quarter of the Gambian inhabitants. 27 The PPP additionally counseled the candidature of an autonomous, A. S. C. Able-Thomas (a retired Aku headmaster), in one other Bathurst seat, New city West. 28 possibly as many as eleven of the 14 applicants who have been initially chosen via the PPP (i. e. , together with Baldeh) have been Mandinka. those have been D. ok. Jawara, Sisay, Dibba, Daffeh, Demba, Sagnia, Leigh, Dabo, Yaya Ceesay, O. J. Sise (Niani-Saloum) and Famara B. Manneh (Niumi-Jokadu). there has been additionally one Jola, Momodou N.