This source contains round 1400 entries at the significant peoples that experience maintained a cultural id within the zone - from old to trendy occasions - summarising their background, migration, tradition, trust process, social organization, and courting to different peoples.
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Extra resources for Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and the Middle East 2 Volume Set (Jfacts on File Library of World History)
And governed for greater than 30 years. He endured competitive army campaigns, clashing with the dominion of the Urartians to the north and the Chaldeans, a Semitic tribe in Babylonia. His new palace at Calah coated a space of approximately 12 acres and integrated greater than two hundred rooms. In 828 b. c. e. certainly one of Shalmaneser III’s sons led a rebel opposed to his father that back weakened Assyria and allowed the Urartians to extend their infuence. Shalmaneser’s daughter-in-law took keep watch over after the loss of life of her husband, Shamshi-Adad V, who had led the civil warfare opposed to his father. She was once often called Sammuramat, and her acceptance for good looks, cruelty, and lust accomplished legendary prestige within the writings of the traditional Greek historians, and, a lot later, in Rossini’s 19th-century opera Semiramide. Tiglath-pileser III governed with nice efciency from 745 until eventually 727 b. c. e. , once more subduing Babylonia and lengthening the dominance of Assyria to Egypt. He reorganized the empire, demonstrated a mercenary military, reinforced the position of provincial governors from the higher classification who suggested on to the king, and known as himself “King of Sumer and Akkad,” a identify that had frst been utilized by rulers of southern Mesopotamia greater than 1,500 years previous. Tiglath-pileser III and different Assyrian rulers modeled themselves at the nearly legendary kings of that prior period comparable to the founding father of the Akkadian Empire, Sargon the good, who governed from 2334 until eventually 2279 b. c. e. Afer the short reign of Shalmaneser V, of whom little is understood, a usurper from the military calling himself Sargon II took regulate in 722 b. c. e. , ushering within the reign of the Sargonids. Sargon captured Samaria, subdued the Urartians and destroyed their towns, and overran Assyrians Judah, yet did not seize Jerusalem. less than his reign the frst deportation of Jewish humans happened. Sargon moved the capital of the empire from Calah to Dur-Sharrukin (modern Khorsabad) north of Calah in 717. He was once murdered in 705 b. c. e. whereas fghting the Cimmerians. Sargon II was once succeeded by way of his son Sennacherib, who's remembered for violently subduing revolts in Babylon plundering the temples there and wearing of pictures of the god Marduk, and for attacking Jerusalem. Te “arrogant Assyrians” and their march to Jerusalem less than Sennacherib are pointed out within the e-book of Isaiah within the Hebrew Bible. Sennacherib is additionally pointed out within the moment booklet of Kings: “Te angel of the Lord went out and placed to loss of life 185,000 males within the Assyrian camp. … So Sennacherib king of Assyria broke camp and withdrew. ” A six-sided clay submit inscribed in cuneiform textual content, referred to as the Sennacherib Prism, comprises the king’s account of a similar siege. In Sennacherib’s model, the Israelite king Hezekiah paid the Assyrian king an unlimited fortune in tribute to depart Jerusalem. Sennacherib governed from his palace at Nineveh, the biggest of the Assyrian palaces, till 681 b. c. e. Esarhaddon, who from 681 to 669 b. c. e. , is better recognized for marching into Egypt and shooting Memphis. Esarhaddon was once it appears so alarmed by way of the phenomenon of lunar eclipses that he put in replacement kings to rule through the 3 eclipses that happened in the course of his reign, after which had each placed to dying afer the development.